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Plants & Trees

More than 2,700 types of plants grow throughout the Chesapeake Bay watershed. Plants grow in nearly every habitat: from upland forests to the Bay's shoreline to our own backyards.

Plants are critical to the Bay ecosystem because they help keep our air and water clean. Plants also provide habitat for countless animals, including fish, birds and mammals.

Click on the images below to learn about some of the plants and trees that grow in the Chesapeake Bay watershed.

There are hundreds of flowers that are native to the Chesapeake Bay region. These flowers are technically known as herbaceous plants, meaning they die off at the end of the growing season.


At least 50 types of trees grow in the Chesapeake Bay watershed. Some trees are deciduous, meaning they lose their leaves each autumn and grow new ones in spring. Other trees are evergreen and do not lose their leaves.


Wetland plants grow in moist and wet soils, whereas aquatic plants grow directly in water. Many of these plants are technically known as emergent plants, meaning they can grow in standing water. Although wetland plants are native to the region's marshes and wetlands, they are often planted in parks, yards and other areas.




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